The Seven Churches of Revelation


Revelation 1:11

“Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea.

King James Version (KJV)

The Seven Churches were actual Churches of the 1st Century and have major significance for us today.

Anyone who teaches otherwise is a HERETIC and they are to be MARKED

Saints we are to MARK THEM (

Here are some examples of False Teachers known as HYPER DISPENSATIONALISTS who teach the Church is NOT in the book of Revelation.

The Yoke Masters Part 3 - Rodney Beaulieu at Grace Bible Church GBC (

Why Hyper-Dispensationalists Remove Prophecy for the Church (

Why I used, "The Lord Rebuke..." regarding those who deny the Bride of Christ is the Church (

The Little Flock Comes to The Church; The Antivenom for the Hyper-Dispensationalist (

The Shock and Awe of Paul in the book of Hebrews (

Understanding the Revelation 12 Sign - Reproving Dr. Woods & Dustin "Busy For The Lord." (

The True Jew (

References for the timelines of Churches of Revelation

(a) Philip Scharff  History of the Apostolic Church

(d) Study Church History | Christian History Institute

(e)  Flavius Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews  Book 20

(f) Justin Martyr First Apology and Dialogue with Trypho 

Page 390 of Reference (a) we read, the forbearance of God with his covenant people, who had crucified their own savior, at last reached its limit. As many as could be saved in the usual way, were rescued. The people had obstinately set themselves against all improvement. James the Just the man who was fitted, if any could be, to reconcile the Jews to the Christian religion had been stoned by his hardened brethren for whom he daily interceded in the temple, and with him the Christian community in Jerusalem had lost its importance in that City.    Page 426 Schaff in reference (a) confirms that Polycarp was the Bishop of Smyrna.   

The Seven Churches of Revelation


In accordance with the above references a through f, the historical evidence provides the preponderance of evidence that the seven churches in the Book of Revelation, chapters 2 and 3, are both chronologically historical as well as spiritually literal.

As delineated below we will see each church is a well-defined figurative representation that is historically recorded and solidly bolstered by biblical record. 

The evidence of the Churches of Revelation as both historical and biblical spiritual examples of the progressing church age begins with the church of Ephesus in Revelation 2:1-7. We of course know the physical church of Ephesus existed in what today is modern day Turkey as did all the 7 churches of Revelation. 

We see the progression from apostolic age beginning with Ephesus where there were major problems identified by scriptures, namely 1 Corinthians 15:32. In the context of 1 Corinthians 15:32 we see the application to the following scriptures: Acts 19:23-41, Daniel 7, culminating with 7:13, Revelation 1:7, Revelation 19, Revelation 12:5, Psalm 2, and finally Psalm 110 as just a sample and comparing this to the OVERCOMERS CROWN.  Our battle continues to be thoroughly understood in Ephesians Chapter 6 and 2 Corinthians 10:2-5 KJB.  

Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea.

In accordance with scripture delineated below and historical evidence in references (a) through (f) above we are able to distinguish a definite pattern of events in times as follows:

1. The Apostolic Church beginning at approximately 30 AD to the death of John:  30 AD - 100 A.D.  Ephesus * See Ephesus below.

2. The Martyr Church  - from the 1st Century to the 2nd Century.  Smyrna * See Smyrna and Polycarp below.

3. The Compromising Church  -  from the 2nd Century to the 3rd Century.   Pergamos * See Pergamos and the Doctrine of Balaam and Doctrine of the Nicolaitans below. 

4. The Roman Catholic Church - The Papal Persecutions - 3rd Century - 1500 A.D. Thyatira * See Thyatira, ruled by a woman - The Queen of Heaven.  Jezebel, connected to idol worship below.  

5. The False Reformation Church - 1500-1700 Sardis * See Sardis * works are NOT perfect the fake Protestant movement wolves among the sheep, namely Martin LUTHER and John Wycliff catholic priests in Protestant Clothing.  The Lutherans were Catholics dressed in protestant clothing. Ask why Luter and Wycliff were never burned at the stake but yet William Tyndale was. 

6. The Revival Church - The True Reformation Church 1700 - The Rapture of the Church.  The True Church, the True Church of Philadelphia * See the Separatist Movement: Puritans, Pilgrims, Dissenters break away from the corrupted church of England (infiltrated by the Vatican) and migrate to the America.

Although England had withstood the onslaught of the Vatican for centuries, eventually the Leviathan conquered and infiltrated.  It is of no coincidence the King James Bible was published in 1611. See links in Philadelphia below. 

It is also of no coincidence that on December 5, 2001 I stopped drinking and committed my life to Jesus Christ. On December 5, 2005 I was given the commission by the Lord Jesus Christ to follow him in mission work, and on December 5, 2012 I was sent to the city of Philadelphia, PA USA from Viet Nam, for a meaningless 4-hour meeting where I walked out in front of City Hall to see what initially appeared as a  banner of heralding Angels.* It was at that moment the Lord made it clear my calling was related to the entire purpose of the Church of Philadelphia.

* Revisiting my initial Blog of 2012 I realized the banner was an announcement of the Nutcracker. I looked up the significance of nutcrack and found Hebrews refers to this word related to Isaiah 11:1

Isaiah 11:1

“And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots:”

King James Version (KJV)

7. The Worldly Church -  1900-  End Time Church to the  Laodicea * See Laodicea. The LUKEWARM church of this world. The beginning of the perverted bible translations 1880s Hort and Westcott from Cambridge 

Reference (c) presents this account of the Church Age:

Part One: Beginnings: AD 1–325
Part Two: Acceptance And Conquest: AD 325–600
Part Three: A Christian Society: AD 600–1500
Part Four: Reform and Renewal: 1500–1650
Part Five: Reason, Revival, and Revolution: 1650–1789
Part Six: Cities and Empires: 1789–1914
Part Seven: A Century of Conflict: 1914–2001

The Historical and Spiritual Significance of the Seven Churches

The seven churches of Revelation were real churches in Asia Minor during the first century, but their messages are also relevant to the church throughout history and today. Each message addressed the particular spiritual condition of the church and urged the believers to overcome their challenges and grow in faith and love. The chart below summarizes the main historical and spiritual themes of each church:


Greek city in ancient Asia Minor, center of worship for Artemis, Latinized form of Greek Ephesos, traditionally derived from ephoros "overseer," in reference to its religious significance, but this might be folk etymology. Related: Ephesine.

Historical Background

Ephesus was an ancient city located on the coast of modern-day Turkey. It was an important commercial and cultural center and was known for its magnificent temple dedicated to the goddess Artemis. The apostle Paul visited Ephesus during his second missionary journey and spent over two years there. During this time, he established a Christian community and wrote a letter to the Ephesians, which is now part of the New Testament.

The Church of Ephesus was founded by the Apostle Paul during his missionary journey to Asia Minor around AD 52. It was located in the city of Ephesus, which was the capital of the Roman province of Asia and one of the largest cities in the ancient world. The church played a significant role in the spread of Christianity in the region and was considered one of the seven churches of Asia mentioned in the Book of Revelation.


The city continued to thrive and expand, becoming one of the largest and most important cities in the ancient Mediterranean world.

Architectural Marvels: Ephesus was renowned for its monumental structures, including: The Temple of Artemis, completed around 550 BCE, which was designated one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

Copilot  (

Ephesus (Revelation 2:1-7)

The Church of the Loveless - Remember Your First Love

Historical Theme        Spiritual Theme

Smyrna Persecution and Suffering Endurance and Faithfulness

Ephesus Loss of First Love Renewal of Love for God

Paul mentions Ephesus at least two times as being difficult and troublesome even calling them "beasts" "at" Ephesus. 1 Corinthians 15:32. Note: Ridiculous commentary using unimaginable stretches of their vain imagination write that Paul was referring to a literal experience with wild beasts in an arena. We must understand that when applying sound hermeneutics to 1 Corinthians 15:32, we see the context as applied to Acts 19:23-41, Daniel 7, culminating with 7:13, Revelation 1:7, Revelation 19, Revelation 12:5, Psalm 2, Psalm 110 as just a sample and comparing this to the OVERCOMERS CROWN.  Our battle continues to be thoroughly understood in Ephesians Chapter 6 and 2 Corinthians 10:2-5 KJB.  

When looking at the exegesis of 1 Corinthians 15:32 we see the conjunction "AT" and not in to mean not the city and the cities functions in general, but rather specifically within a group of people. It's when applying the final step of 3 of hermeneutics (1. Context. 2. Exegesis of grammar, syntax, vocabulary etc, 3. Harmonizing scripture with scripture) which is harmonizing scripture with scripture, 1 Corinthians 15:32 becomes crystal clear when we read 2 Timothy 6:9,10 and Revelation 2:4. In the view of this, proceed to the Parable of the Sower in Matthew Chapter 13. The Seed that falls among thorns and is choked out by the cares of this world. 



Mýrrha / Smýrna

This name derives from the Ancient Greek “Mýrrha (Μύρρα) Smýrna (Σμύρνα).” Myrrha (Greek: μύρρα), also known as Smyrna (Greek: σμύρνα), is the mother of Adonis in Greek )

In references (a), (b) and (d)

Historical Background

Smyrna (Revelation 2:8-11) - The Church of the Suffering - Be Faithful Unto Death.  The execution and martyrdom of Polycarp Bishop of Smyrna at the hands of the Jews. Notice the language, "Say they are JEWS but are NOT." with the church of Smyrna matches references (a) through (c) above regarding the Jews who battled against the early church. When Polycarp at Smyrna was burned at the stake, it is written the Jews ran looking for the wood.   

Reference (d) on Polycarp and the Jews: "It was all done in the time it takes to tell. The crowd collected wood and bundles of sticks from the shops and public baths. The Jews , as usual, were keen to help."


Historical Theme        Spiritual Theme

Smyrna Persecution and Suffering Endurance and Faithfulness


Greek city in ancient Asia Minor,

Pergamon, also known as Pergamum and Pergamos, was an ancient Greek city in Mysia, northwest Turkey1234. It was a major intellectual and cultural center during the Hellenistic Period2. The earliest evidence of occupation dates back to the late 8th century BC1. Pergamon was first mentioned in literary sources from Xenophon’s Anabasis, composed around 370 BC1.

Historical Background

Pergamum (Revelation 2:12-17) - The Church of the Compromising - Repent and Overcome

Doctrine of Balaam: Introducing greed Money for hire using God, the pursuit of unrighteous gain, and leading others into sin.

Doctrine of the Nicolaitans:  These are those who bring the people into bondage by false doctrine:

See excerpts from my Doctrine study regarding Balaam and the Nicolaitans in Notes below:

Historical Theme        Spiritual Theme

Pergamum Compromise with Worldliness Repentance and Separation

In 312 AD, Constantine supposedly converted to Christianity, and then in 313 AD, the Edict of Milan ended the persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire.

The name Pergamos in Greek can mean “Married to the tower.”  Pagan worship originated in Babylon, where the tower represented their rise to become gods.

When the Medo-Persians conquered Babylon, the Babylonian priests moved to Pergamos and established a place of Satanic cultic idolatry, pagan worship, with various customs and deities.

So Pergamos is a perfect symbolic name for this church age, as ‘Mystery, Babylon the Great,’ the Roman Catholic Church, who exalt themselves above all that is called God, rose to power during this time.

The Roman Beast They Faced: The Roman Empire as the Western Roman Empire declined from the second-sixth seal judgments, and the first-fourth trumpet judgments.


Greek city in ancient Asia Minor, 

Thyatira was originally called Pelopia and Semiramis before being renamed to Thyateira during the Hellenistic era around 290 BC by King Seleucus I Nicator.

The name “Thyateira” likely comes from the Greek word “thugatēr”, meaning “daughter,” although it might have an older, Lydian origin.

In classical times, Thyatira stood on the border between Lydia and Mysia.

During the Roman era, Thyatira gained fame for its dyeing facilities and became a center for the purple cloth trade.

Historical Background

Thyatira (Revelation 2:18-29) - The Church of the Corrupted - 

Although numerous scholars claim the Church of Thyatira began in 538 it is really in 325 with the Council of Nicaea when a Pagan Roman Emperor supposedly found Christ and started religion to unite the church. Ecumenism. It is here the church of Thyatira also adpated the pagan concept of the Trinity from Tertullian and the Greek Stoic Philosophers. See my extensive study on The Trinity is Pagan Polytheism.

he era of the Church of Thyatira, the Pagan Church 538-1514 AD.

Thyatira means ruled by a woman,” which is the perfect name because this era was ruled by the Mother church of Papal Rome, who is the Great Harlot of Revelation, the Whore of Babylon.  

THE QUEEN OF HEAVEN  See extensive studies:

The Virgin 

Queen of Heaven (Latin: Regina Caeli) is one of many Queen titles used of Mary, mother of Jesus. The title derived in part from the ancient Catholic teaching that Mary, at the end of her earthly life, was bodily and spiritually assumed into heaven, and that she is there honored as Queen.

Jeremiah 44:15-30

15Then all the men which knew that their wives had burned incense unto other gods, and all the women that stood by, a great multitude, even all the people that dwelt in the land of Egypt, in Pathros, answered Jeremiah, saying,

16As for the word that thou hast spoken unto us in the name of the LORD, we will not hearken unto thee.

17But we will certainly do whatsoever thing goeth forth out of our own mouth, to burn incense unto the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, as we have done, we, and our fathers, our kings, and our princes, in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem: for then had we plenty of victuals, and were well, and saw no evil.

18But since we left off to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, we have wanted all things, and have been consumed by the sword and by the famine.

19And when we burned incense to the queen of heaven, and poured out drink offerings unto her, did we make her cakes to worship her, and pour out drink offerings unto her, without our men?

20Then Jeremiah said unto all the people, to the men, and to the women, and to all the people which had given him that answer, saying,

21The incense that ye burned in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem, ye, and your fathers, your kings, and your princes, and the people of the land, did not the LORD remember them, and came it not into his mind?

22So that the LORD could no longer bear, because of the evil of your doings, and because of the abominations which ye have committed; therefore is your land a desolation, and an astonishment, and a curse, without an inhabitant, as at this day.

23Because ye have burned incense, and because ye have sinned against the LORD, and have not obeyed the voice of the LORD, nor walked in his law, nor in his statutes, nor in his testimonies; therefore this evil is happened unto you, as at this day.

24Moreover Jeremiah said unto all the people, and to all the women, Hear the word of the LORD, all Judah that are in the land of Egypt:

25Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saying; Ye and your wives have both spoken with your mouths, and fulfilled with your hand, saying, We will surely perform our vows that we have vowed, to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her: ye will surely accomplish your vows, and surely perform your vows.

26Therefore hear ye the word of the LORD, all Judah that dwell in the land of Egypt; Behold, I have sworn by my great name, saith the LORD, that my name shall no more be named in the mouth of any man of Judah in all the land of Egypt, saying, The Lord GOD liveth.

27Behold, I will watch over them for evil, and not for good: and all the men of Judah that are in the land of Egypt shall be consumed by the sword and by the famine, until there be an end of them.

28Yet a small number that escape the sword shall return out of the land of Egypt into the land of Judah, and all the remnant of Judah, that are gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall know whose words shall stand, mine, or theirs.

29And this shall be a sign unto you, saith the LORD, that I will punish you in this place, that ye may know that my words shall surely stand against you for evil:

30Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will give Pharaohhophra king of Egypt into the hand of his enemies, and into the hand of them that seek his life; as I gave Zedekiah king of Judah into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, his enemy, and that sought his life.

The Roman Beast They Faced: The antichrist beast popes who lead the harlot Roman Catholic Church.

Messiah’s Saints During This Era: People groups such as the Waldenses (named after Peter Waldo), the Albigenses, Hussites (named after John Huss) and Wycliffes (named after John Wycliffe)

Main Events During This Era: After the Roman Empire collapsed, Satan caused the antichrist beast popes to be given religious and civil power in 538 AD, when Emperor Justinian issued a decree making the Pope head of all churches.

During this church age and the next, Papal Rome tortured and killed tens of millions of people they deemed heretics, most from Christ’s true church.

Messiah’s church eras of Thyatira and Sardis used the rod of iron, the Word of God, to know and testify about the pure gospel of Messiah, instead of salvation by works through the Papal Church.

They are the two lamp stands which stood as a witness against the Antichrist Papal Church during their 1,260 years of reign from 538-1798 AD.

Peter Waldo, or Valdes, a man eminent among Medieval witnesses to the gospel of Christ, sold all he had in the year 1170, distributed to the poor, and became the leader to “certain missionary bands know thenceforth under the name of Waldenses, as well as “Poor Men of Lyons.”

Driven by persecution from the plain of Lombardy, the Waldenses took refuge in the valleys of the neighboring Alps, where for many centuries they maintained, in opposition to the Church of Rome, their witness to New Testament teachings. (History Unveiling Prophecy, Henry Grattan Guinness)

The astounding development of papal ambition in Innocent III, and the papal war of extermination which followed against the Albigenses and Waldenses, led the latter, early in the thirteenth century, to accept as an article of their creed the doctrine, “That the papacy and Church of Rome were to be regarded as the Apocalyptic Harlot Babylon, and by consequence Antichrist.” (Ibid, II, p. 371)

Recommended Reading:

The Waldenses History of the Waldenses by JA Wylie

The History of the Waldenses: Wylie, J. A.: 9781519095176: Books

The Lamp in the Dark

Tares among the wheat


Greek city in ancient Asia Minor, 

According to Herodotus (l. c. 484-425/413 BCE), Lydia was established by one Lydus, son of Atys, and was then given to the Heracleidae, who held it for 505 years until the last king, Candaules, was assassinated by Gyges, who established the Mermnad Dynasty that ended with Croesus (r. 560-546 BCE) when Sardis was taken by the Persian Achaemenid Empire under Cyrus II (also known as Cyrus the Great, r. c. 550-530 BCE) in 547/546 BCE.

The Persians held it until the conquest of Alexander the Great in 334 BCE, and after his death, it became part of the Seleucid Empire (312-63 BCE) before it was absorbed into Rome as an important trade city in the Roman province of Asia. Sardis was sacked by the Sasanian Persian Empire and severely damaged in the 7th century by which time it had long become associated with Christianity as one of the Seven Churches of Asia mentioned in the biblical Book of Revelation. It continued as an important religious, intellectual, cultural, and trade center until the early 15th century when it was abandoned.

After over 10 centuries of persecution from the Vatican, the Protestant church was dead and only a very small remnant remained. 

Historical Background

Sardis (Revelation 3:1-6) - The Church of the Dead - Wake Up and Strengthen What Remains

Church Historical Theme Spiritual Theme

Sardis Spiritual Deadness Revival and Faithful Obedience

The Church of Sardis era, the Dead Church, occurred during the 1514 – 1798 AD.

The meaning of the word “Sardis” is the “escaping one,” or those who “come out,” so it is an excellent symbol of the Church during the Reformation period, when Martin Luther and a number of other reformers protested against the false teaching, tyranny and claims of the Papal Church, and they heeded Messiah’s command and came out of her.

The Roman Beast They Faced: The antichrist beast popes who lead the harlot Roman Catholic Church

Messiah’s Saints During This Era: The Waldenses, Albigenses, Bohemian Brethren, Vaudois, Wycliffites

Main Events During This Era:

At this point Messiah’s Ekklesia of saints had endured many persecutions from the Papal Church, and no doubt was tired of fighting against it.  

Through Martin Luther and others, they were reminded of justification by the righteousness of Christ, pardon through his blood, and atonement by his sacrifice, doctrines that had been lost.

They had to be reminded about these things, because the Papal Church had forbid them to read the Bible, which caused them to become weak and apathetic.

In 1525 A.D. William Tyndale published the first preserved English New Testament. To counter that, in 1559 A.D, the Satan-empowered Papal Church at The Council of Trent declared that Preserved Bibles are on the “Index of Forbidden Books.”

Interestingly enough, in 1536 A.D. when Tyndale was being burned at the stake, he cried out “Lord, open the king of England’s eyes.”

God answered Tyndale’s prayer, as King Henry VIII of England authorized the Great Bible in 1540, and it was read aloud in church services of the Church of England. And then in 1611 A.D. the King James Bible was published.

With the advent of the printing press and the Word of God translated into English, millions of people were finally able to read the Bible. They found salvation through faith, apart from works, in the pure gospel of our Messiah.

Read more about the advent of the printed Bible by clicking on The Little Book of Revelation 10

John Calvin, Martin Luther, and many other revered scholars, proclaimed that the Roman Catholic Church is the Antichrist ‘whore of Babylon’, who is guilty of the blood of the saints.

This means that the ‘man of sin‘, the ‘son of perdition‘ referred to in 2 Thes. 2:3, has already been revealed, so we’re not waiting for it to happen in the end times, as so many Pastors teach.

The Protestant Reformers told people to “come out of her” (Rev. 18) and millions left the Roman Catholic Church and were saved by faith in Messiah, which led to the formation of the Protestant churches.


The founding of the ancient city of Philadelphia

Over half a century after Ptolemaios II’s death, there was a Greek king of Pergamon named Eumenes II, who had a brother named Attalos II, who acted as his general. Attalos II was famously loyal to his brother, so he was given the epithet Φιλάδελφος, which had earlier been held by Ptolemaios II. While this epithet may have originally been given to Ptolemaios II to mock him surreptitiously, when people gave it to Attalos II, they definitely meant it as a good thing.

At some point shortly after 189 BC, Eumenes II founded a city in the region of Lydia in what is now western Turkey and named it Φιλαδέλφεια (Philadélpheia) in honor of his beloved brother. The city was located roughly seventy miles east of the Greek city of Smyrna (present-day Izmir, Turkey) on the northeast slope of Mount Tmolos.

More than any other church The Church of Philadelphia gives us the perfect type and shadow of the TRUE CHURCH in the last days of this age who await the RAPTURE and Reigning with Christ. This spiritually applies to ALL The true Saints from Pentecost who believe on Jesus Christ as their Savior, that He died on the Cross for their sins, was buried and rose again the third day. Contrary to the hyper-Dispensationalists who claim Peter and the apostles other than Paul were not saved by Grace but through the works of the law, Peter warns that Paul's epistles must be followed. Read 2 Peter 3:16. "As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto THEIR OWN DESTRUCTION. 

Let's read Revelation 3:8 

Revelation 3:8

I know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it: for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied my name.

King James Version (KJV)

Harmonizes with  

Revelation 4:1

“After this I looked, and, behold, a door was opened in heaven: and the first voice which I heard was as it were of a trumpet talking with me; which said, Come up hither, and I will shew thee things which must be hereafter.”

King James Version (KJV)

Colossians 4:3

“Withal praying also for us, that God would open unto us a door of utterance, to speak the mystery of Christ, for which I am also in bonds:”

King James Version (KJV)

Acts 14:27

“And when they were come, and had gathered the church together, they rehearsed all that God had done with them, and how he had opened the door of faith unto the Gentiles.”

King James Version (KJV)

Revelation 3:10

Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth.

King James Version (KJV)

Revelation 1:9

“I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the isle that is called Patmos, for the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ.”

King James Version (KJV)

Revelation 1:9 Conclusion: We Must Understand The Patience of Jesus Christ to Understand His Kingdom (

Here is an interesting quote from  1288255586.pdf (

John confirms that Jesus is holy and true. Holy is the description of God. Isaiah in various places describes the Holiness of God as his own attribute. See Isa 6:3, 40:25, 43:15, Barclay emphasizes God is different and separate from all others. Truth is another aspect of God that is utterly reliable. If God says it, it will come to pass. Jesus himself says unashamedly “I am the truth” yet only God is all truth.  He holds the key of David and open and shuts as he wills with no opposition. The key stands for ownership and possession. Only family have a key normally to the home. They have authority to open or close upon someone as a right in law. Therefore when Jesus Christ opens a door he has supreme authority to do so and the Church can progress with confidence that the opening they have been given will remain as long as God’s will is being done. Some believe that the door is speaking about admission to the local synagogue and Jesus having power over the Jews and thus preventing persecution of the Christian Church in that area. Isaiah 22:22 is an interesting verse in conjunction with this message to the Philadelphian Church.  “The key of the house of David I will lay on his shoulder; so he shall open, and no one shall shut; and he shall shut, and no one shall open.” This talks of admission and Jesus has all power and authority to admit to the New Jerusalem. 
end quote. 

The Open door is actually the type and shadow of the Rapture. Read Revelation 4:1 KJB. 

Historical Background

Philadelphia (Revelation 3:7-13) - The Church of the Faithful - Hold Fast to What You Have

Church Historical Theme Spiritual Theme

Philadelphia Faithfulness and Endurance Perseverance and Open Doors

As Smyrna, Philadelphia experienced a very strong opposition from the JEWS:

Revelation 3:9 “Indeed I will make those of the synagogue of Satan, who say they are Jews and are not, but lie — indeed I will make them come and worship before your feet, and to know that I have loved you. “ 

The Jews at this time were more opponents of the Church than the Roman authorities. 

Regarding Revelation 3:9 the problem with the JEWS: Philadelphia also had a problem with the Jews who tried to destroy them.  Here's an interesting read from Josephus Book 20 from Reference (e)


1. UPON the death of king Agrippa, which we have related in the foregoing book, Claudius Caesar sent Cassius Longinus as successor to Marcus, out of regard to the memory of king Agrippa, who had often desired of him by letters, while be was alive, that he would not suffer Marcus to be any longer president of Syria. But Fadus, as soon as he was come procurator into Judea, found quarrelsome doings between the Jews that dwelt in Perea, and the people of Philadelphia, about their borders, at a village called Mia, that was filled with men of a warlike temper; for the Jews of Perea had taken up arms without the consent of their principal men, and had destroyed many of the Philadelphians. When Fadus was informed of this procedure, it provoked him very much that they had not left the determination of the matter to him, if they thought that the Philadelphians had done them any wrong, but had rashly taken up arms against them. So he seized upon three of their principal men, who were also the causes of this sedition, and ordered them to be bound, and afterwards had one of them slain, whose name was Hannibal; and he banished the other two, Areram and Eleazar. 

Book 20 Josephus the Historian Chapter One



What is the Difference?

Laodicea on the Lycus was built on the site of an earlier pre-Hellenistic settlement, on a hill above the Lycus river, close to its confluence with the Maeander. Laodicea was founded by Antiochus II Theos, king of the Seleucid Empire, in 261-253 BC in honour of his wife Laodice, together with several other cities of the same name.[8] According to Pliny the Elder, the town was originally called Diospolis, "City of Zeus", and afterwards Rhoas.[9] It soon became a wealthy city.[10] In 220 BC, Achaeus declared himself king of the region but was defeated by Antiochus the Great in 213 BC. Antiochus transported 2,000 Jewish families to Phrygia from Babylonia.[11] Many of Laodicea's inhabitants were Jews from this time, and Cicero records that Flaccus[which?] later confiscated the considerable sum of 9 kg of gold, which was being sent annually to Jerusalem for the Temple[12][13]

After the Battle of Magnesia in 188 BC, when the Romans defeated the Seleucids, the Treaty of Apamea was signed, which gave control of the whole of western Asia Minor to the Kingdom of Pergamon. With the death of its last king, its territory was bequested to Rome in 133 BC. It received from Rome the title of free city. It suffered greatly during the Mithridatic Wars[14] but quickly recovered under the dominion of Rome. Towards the end of the Roman Republic and under the first emperors, Laodicea benefitted from its advantageous position on a trade route and became one of the most important and flourishing commercial cities of Asia Minor, in which large money transactions and an extensive trade in black wool were carried out.[15][16][17] Its renowned wealth is referred to in the Bible.[18]

Historical Background

Laodicea (Revelation 3:14-22) - The Church of the Lukewarm - Be Zealous and Repent

Church    Historical Theme           Spiritual Theme

Laodicea Lukewarmness and Self-Sufficiency Repentance and Dependence on God

The era of the Church of Laodicea, the Lukewarm Church, 1866 AD – present

Revelation 3:14 “And to the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write, ‘These things says the Amen, the Faithful and True Witness, the Beginning of the creation of God.”

Laodicea means “power of the laity,” and it’s a fit description for two reasons:

After the antichrist Pope was removed from power in 1798, the Babylonian-based Papal Church was brought back to life by the Jesuits, when in 1929 Mussolini signed a treaty with the Roman Catholic Church giving them political power once again.

Today the Papal Church clergy organizational structure controls 1.2 Billion members, which is 1/6th the world’s population.

The Roman Beast We Face: The false prophet Jesuit Superior General and the antichrist beast pope.

Messiah’s Saints During This Era:

Main Events During This Era:

Power of the Laity also applies to most Christians churches, that give all the power to the Pastor and some deacons, instead of following Paul’s five-fold ministry pattern.

Revelation 3:15-16, “I know your works, that you are neither cold nor hot. I could wish you were cold or hot. So then, because you are lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will vomit you out of My mouth.”

Messiah offered our current church age not one word of commendation, and says that we are lukewarm and self-satisfied.

Timothy warned about this time, “But know this, that in the last days perilous times will come: For men will be lovers of themselves, lovers of money, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy, unloving, unforgiving, slanderers, without self-control, brutal, despisers of good, traitors, headstrong, haughty, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God, having a form of godliness but denying its power. And from such people turn away!” 2 Timothy 3:1-5

I pray that after reading about the historical fulfillment of the first six church eras, you realize that we now live in the last church era of Laodicea, and you will understand the force of Messiah’s words to us and the consequences if we don’t follow His commands.

After 20 Centuries the Devil realized that neither by persecution by the civil authorities nor by all the efforts of the Catholic Church to stop the printing of the Bible in English, murdering William Tyndale, and the foiled gun powder plot to kill King James and stop the King James Bible translation, The Vatican finally found the ultimate way to bring the people under bondage of false doctrine through the corruption of God's word. 

This came about by two apostate closet Jesuits at Cambridge University, Brooke Westcott and Anthony Hort,  who were commissioned by the Vatican to write a "new translation" from the corrupted Sinaiticus and Vaticanus manuscripts. This produced the beginning of a flood of perverted Bibles like the NIV, ESV, NASB, etc. Now today as the Laodicean church progresses, we now have bibles that are beyond belief such as the message, feminine god and worse.  Here's a brief excert about Westcott and Hort:

In 1881, two British textual critics named Brooke Westcott and Anthony Hort published their Critical Greek New Testament. It was a unification of Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus into one Critical Greek text.[1] This new Greek text was a complete departure from the Received Text Bibles that had been used since the early days of the church. The text that was published in 1881 was a new combination of Sinaiticus and Vaticanus that no one had ever used before. It was this Greek text that would replace the Received Text as the textual basis for almost all Bible translations published thereafter.

The men who published this new Greek Critical text literally changed the Bible that the majority of Christians used. For centuries, Christians used Bibles that were based in the traditional text, the Received Text. With the publication of the Critical Text, all this was about to change. From 1881 on, most new translations would follow this brand-new text that had never before existed, this new hybrid of Vaticanus and Sinaiticus.

Was it wise for modern Christianity to trust these two men to change the traditional Bible? The answer is a definitive no. This becomes even more clear when we study just who these men were. Today, we have many books and letters that were written by Westcott and Hort. These documents give us a very good idea as to the beliefs and character of these men.

Westcott and Hort were men who did not believe in many orthodox doctrines, especially in regards to the authority and preservation of the Scriptures. Hort said in a letter: The positive doctrines even of the Evangelicals seem to me perverted rather than untrue. There are, I fear, still more serious differences between us on the subject of authority, and especially the authority of the Bible;[2] Hort differed greatly with orthodox Christianity in regards to the authority of the Bible in the life of the Christian.

Westcott and Hort not only did not believe in orthodox views in regards to the authority of the Bible, they also despised the traditional Bible that had been used since the early days of the church. Hort said regarding the traditional Bible (Received Text): I had no idea till the last few weeks of the importance of texts, having read so little Greek Testament, and dragged on with the villainous Textus Receptus.[3] The villainous textus Receptus? This is the person whom modern Christians trust to have reconstructed the Greek text of their Bibles? Hort continued: Think of that vile Textus Receptus leaning entirely on late manuscripts.; it is a blessing there are such early ones.[4] Calling the traditional and historic Bibles "vile" shows the low view these two men had for Scripture.

In addition to the authority of the Scriptures, Westcott and Hort denied many other orthodox Christian doctrines. In regards to the literal creation, Westcott wrote: No one now, I suppose, holds that the first three chapters of Genesis, for example, give a literal history -- I could never understand how anyone reading them with open eyes could think they did.[5] Westcott and Hort were evolutionists who denied the Genesis account of creation.

Hort was not someone who believed in the biblical doctrines of salvation. He even called the substitutionary atonement of Christ "immoral." Hort writes: I entirely agree...with what you there say on the atonement, having for many years believed that 'the absolute union of the Christian (or rather, of man) with Christ Himself' is the spiritual truth of which the popular doctrine of substitution is an immoral and material counterfeit.[6]

Westcott also did not believe in biblical salvation, but he did teach the false doctrine of universal salvation. He wrote in his commentary of Hebrews 2:8-9, "The fruit of His work is universal."[7] Is it true that all people will be saved? No, only those that trust in Christ will be saved. Westcott also taught other heretical views regarding salvation. He wrote in his commentary of John 15:8, "a Christian never 'is' but always 'is becoming' a Christian."[8] The teaching that a Christian can never be sure of his salvation is heresy and false doctrine (1 John 5:12-13).

Westcott denied the reality of Heaven. He wrote in his commentary of John 1:18, "The 'bosom of the Father' (like heaven) is a state and not a place."[9] The Bible teaches that heaven is most definitely a place. Jesus said that He would prepare a "place" for us, not a "state" (John 14:2). Westcott's view of the doctrine of heaven was very heretical. Westcott & Hort: their heresies and occult activities (
Additional information on the evil works of Wescott and Hort Chapter 8: Westcott and Hort - part 1

Revelation Chapters 2 and 3: 

Chapter 2

Unto the angel of the church of Ephesus write; These things saith he that holdeth the seven stars in his right hand, who walketh in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks;

2I know thy works, and thy labour, and thy patience, and how thou canst not bear them which are evil: and thou hast tried them which say they are apostles, and are not, and hast found them liars:

3And hast borne, and hast patience, and for my name's sake hast laboured, and hast not fainted.

4Nevertheless I have somewhat against thee, because thou hast left thy first love.

5Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out of his place, except thou repent.

6But this thou hast, that thou hatest the deeds of the Nicolaitans, which I also hate.

7He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God.

8And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive;

9I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but thou art rich) and I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan.

10Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer: behold, the devil shall cast some of you into prison, that ye may be tried; and ye shall have tribulation ten days: be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life.

11He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death.

12And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write; These things saith he which hath the sharp sword with two edges;

13I know thy works, and where thou dwellest, even where Satan's seat is: and thou holdest fast my name, and hast not denied my faith, even in those days wherein Antipas was my faithful martyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth.

14But I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to cast a stumblingblock before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit fornication.

15So hast thou also them that hold the doctrine of the Nicolaitans, which thing I hate.

16Repent; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will fight against them with the sword of my mouth.

17He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it.

18And unto the angel of the church in Thyatira write; These things saith the Son of God, who hath his eyes like unto a flame of fire, and his feet are like fine brass;

19I know thy works, and charity, and service, and faith, and thy patience, and thy works; and the last to be more than the first.

20Notwithstanding I have a few things against thee, because thou sufferest that woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a prophetess, to teach and to seduce my servants to commit fornication, and to eat things sacrificed unto idols.

21And I gave her space to repent of her fornication; and she repented not.

22Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation, except they repent of their deeds.

23And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall know that I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your works.

24But unto you I say, and unto the rest in Thyatira, as many as have not this doctrine, and which have not known the depths of Satan, as they speak; I will put upon you none other burden.

25But that which ye have already hold fast till I come.

26And he that overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end, to him will I give power over the nations:

27And he shall rule them with a rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers: even as I received of my Father.

28And I will give him the morning star.

29He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.

Chapter 3

And unto the angel of the church in Sardis write; These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars; I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead.

2Be watchful, and strengthen the things which remain, that are ready to die: for I have not found thy works perfect before God.

3Remember therefore how thou hast received and heard, and hold fast, and repent. If therefore thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee as a thief, and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee.

4Thou hast a few names even in Sardis which have not defiled their garments; and they shall walk with me in white: for they are worthy.

5He that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment; and I will not blot out his name out of the book of life, but I will confess his name before my Father, and before his angels.

6He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.

7And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth;

8I know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it: for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied my name.

9Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee.

10Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth.

11Behold, I come quickly: hold that fast which thou hast, that no man take thy crown.

12Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and I will write upon him my new name.

13He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.

14And unto the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write; These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God;

15I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot.

16So then because thou art lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will spue thee out of my mouth.

17Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked:

18I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see.

19As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.

20Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me.

21To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne.

22He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.


Doctrine of Balaam:

A mysterious group of wicked religious imposters were the “Nicolaitans.” Who were they? What did they teach? Do they still exist today? Why should they even concern you? In the warnings to the seven churches of Revelation, we are told to beware of them. Why are they dangerous and how would you recognize them, today?

In Revelation, chapter 2, we read of an enigmatic sect or group called the Nicolaitans who post a great threat to the churches of God. Jesus says to the Ephesus church: “But this you have, that you hate the DEEDS of the Nicolaitans, which I also HATE” (Rev.2:6). Notice that they hated and rejected the doctrines, works, and doctrines of the “Nicolaitans.”
The Ephesus church was historically a type or antitype of the first and second century churches of God – essentially, the first generation of the church and their early descendants. But Christ said, “He that has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to [all] the churches” (Rev 2:7).

Then, to the Pergamos church, who existed in a succeeding period of the church, Jesus declares again: “But I have a few things against you, because you have there those who hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balak to put a stumbling block before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed to idols, and to commit sexual immorality. Thus [i.e. therefore] you also have those who hold the doctrine of the Nicolaitans, which thing I hate. REPENT, or else I will come to you quickly and fight against them with the sword of My mouth” (vs.14-16).

Doctrine of Balaam
Notice that their teachings are comparable or the same as the doctrine of Balaam, the arch apostate deceiver and prophet who tried to divine magic against Israel when they came out of Egypt. When God would not allow him to place a curse on Israel, he later taught the Midianites and their allies to “seduce” Israel from their faithfulness to God, by sending their daughters and wives to use their sexual charms on them, and to entice them to commit immorality and the partake of pagan festivities and idolatrous worship, combining paganism with the worship of God – something which God abominates and thoroughly detests! The blending of the truth of God with paganism and wicked pagan festivals and practices is an abhorrence to God. It is called religious “syncretism.”
The word “Nicolaitans,” in Greek, means “followers of Nicolas.” The name “Nicolas” means “victor of the people.”
Peloubet’s Bible Dictionary says of them, “They seem to have held that it was lawful to eat things sacrificed to idols, and to commit the immoral excesses of the heathen, in opposition to the decree of the Church rendered in Acts 15:20, 29. Mingling themselves in the orgies of idolatrous feasts, they brought the impurities of those feasts into the meetings of the Christian Church. And all this was done, it must be remembered, not simply as an indulgence of appetite, but as a part of a SYSTEM, supported by a “doctrine,” accompanied by the boasts of a prophetic illumination” (p.449).
Early Church Syncretism

The Nicolaitans, therefore, were the early Christian-pagan syncretists, the false teachers that crept into the church, who disguised themselves as followers of Christ – who professed to be His ministers and servants – but who led the people astray.

Peter wrote of them, saying, “But there were also false prophets among the people [such as Balaam], even as there will be FALSE TEACHERS among you, who will secretly bring in DESTRUCTIVE HERESIES, even denying the Lord who bought them, and bring on themselves swift destruction. And many will follow their destructive ways, because of whom the way of truth will be blasphemed” – by the world around, which will paint all true Christians with the same brushstroke, as being corrupt, immoral, and evil, because of the shenanigans and wicked works of these “Nicolaitans” or false Christians, false teachers who claim to represent Messiah and His truth (II Pet.2:1-2).

Peter goes on, “By covetousness they will exploit you with deceptive words” (v.2). He says of them, that they “despise authority. They are presumptuous, self-willed,” and like brutish beasts “speak evil of the things they do not understand” (verse10, 12). “They are spots and blemishes [in the churches], carousing in their own deceptions while they feast with you . . . They have a heart trained in covetous practices, and are accursed children. They have forsaken the right way and gone astray, FOLLOWING THE WAY OF BALAAM the son of Beor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness” (verses 13-15).
These are the ‘Nicolaitans.” Halley’s Bible Handbook tells us of them, “Sexual vice was actually a part of heathen worship, and recognized as a proper thing in heathen festivals. Priestesses of Diana and kindred deities were public prostitutes. The thing had been a troublesome question for Gentile churches from the start. . . Meantime great multitudes of heathen had become Christians, and had carried some of their old ideas into their new religion. . . Naturally there were all sorts of attempts to harmonize these heathen practices with the Christian religion. Many professing Christian teachers, claiming inspiration from God, were advocating the right to free participation in heathen immoralities. In Ephesus, the Christian pastors, as a body, excluded such teachers. But in Pergamum and Thyatira, while we are not to think that the main body of pastors held such teachings, yet they tolerated within their ranks those who did” (p.694).


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